Better: Keep at least two, better still several, parrots together.

Better: Keep at least two, better still several, parrots together.

For whom the sauna is not a recommendation

Certain groups of people should approach the sauna with care in both summer and winter. It is important for all less experienced sauna-goers that they approach slowly and make sure that they feel good, emphasizes Marschall. First of all, it is enough to go to the sauna up to three days a week, use the lowest level and do not extend the sauna sessions longer than 10 to 12 minutes.

At least 30 centimeters: These are the biggest no-go’s in the sauna When sweating becomes dangerous: Be careful with alcohol in the sauna Aromatherapy: infusion in the sauna – salt, honey, ice and more

Patients with heart disease or high blood pressure often have concerns about going to the sauna. "But based on all that we know from a medical point of view, nothing speaks against it" says Marshal. The decisive factor is always the individual resilience. "This can be tested well on a bicycle ergometer. Anyone who can manage at least 75 watts without restriction can easily go to the sauna." If you have any doubts, ask your doctor. The sauna is taboo for people with venous disorders and for babies.

When the days get cooler, many like to relax in the sauna – sometimes with their legs apart and taking up a lot of space. But even if the heat gets to your head, you should keep certain manners. With our sauna etiquette, we explain what is allowed when you sweat and what you should not do.

Popular in winter – do you actually have to go to the sauna naked?

Popular in winter
Do you really have to go to the sauna naked?

So that nothing goes wrong – the most important rules of conduct in the check. Video

Even if everyone drops their covers in the sweat chamber, a bit of privacy has to be preserved.

Better to avoid garlic

There is one thing you should be aware of even before actually going to the sauna: it is better to avoid onions, garlic or too much alcohol the day before. It is precisely these intense smells that are excreted through the skin, which can make things very unpleasant for you and the other sauna guests. It is also important to shower thoroughly before taking a sweat bath, not only for reasons of hygiene, but also to rid the skin of perfume and grease. Even after sweating: it is essential to take a shower, and that before immersing in the cooling pool.

Keep a distance of at least 30 centimeters

Newcomers who squeeze between other sauna guests without a greeting or who use foreign towels as doormats make little friends with other visitors. Therefore you should keep a distance of at least 30 centimeters from the man next to you. If it is already full, it is considered impolite to spread out. Extensive postures such as sitting with legs apart are completely inappropriate. By the way, staring and intrusive movements are also absolute no-no’s in the sauna.

It is also considered inappropriate to burst into the infusion ceremony that has already started. The widespread one also has the potential for excitement "Occupy" of loungers in the relaxation area. Many sauna operators threaten to remove towels on loungers. But in practice such threats are usually of little use.

Flip-flops have to stay outside

Another rule: flip-flops and clothing have no place in the sauna. On the one hand it is unhygienic and on the other hand synthetic materials prevent the heat from reaching the skin. You should always have a towel with you. You can easily cover yourself with it and it also serves as a place to sit or lie down and ensure that sweat does not drip onto the wood. By the way: never wipe the sweat off your body with your hand, because it could splash on other people and that is an absolute no-go.

Whispering is allowed

The top rule, especially for newbies, is: quiet in the sauna room. Conversations across several benches are taboo, only whispering is allowed. A Finnish proverb advises you to behave in the sauna as you would in church.

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Remain calm in uncomfortable situations

Unpleasant situations can also arise in the sauna. Anyone sitting in the sweat bath or coming out of the cabin dripping with sweat is sure to be embarrassed when a colleague or even the boss comes towards them. The rule here: Just keep calm. If you hectically leave the room, it only becomes more uncomfortable for everyone involved. In such situations, etiquette advisors recommend greeting them briefly rather than ignoring the other person.

Bear trainer Dieter Kraml and bear Nora get on well. (Photo: dpa) No matter if "The bull from Tölz" or "Bet that…?": If bears appear in German TV productions, they are almost certainly Dieter Kraml’s animals. The bear trainer from Alfeld in southern Lower Saxony has lived and worked with the furry wild animals for almost 40 years. He made nationwide headlines in 2006 when he and the female Nora the Bavarian, who was threatened with being shot down "Problem bears" Wanted to attract and save Bruno. He is currently building an environmental and bear park near his home town.

Photo show Wildlife Photographs of 2008

The bear as a partner

The first thing you notice about animal trainer Kraml are the large hands, which almost look like real paws. "Sometimes I almost feel like a bear" says the bear teacher. His eight bears, up to 2.40 meters tall, are life partners for him. Sometimes they are even allowed into the house. "I haven’t left her alone for a day" says Kraml. The 280 kilo bear Nora, for example, sits next to him on the wooden bench and tries again and again to nibble on the table decorations.

Training includes catching balls and driving a jeep

Kraml’s bears are all-round artists. Nora likes to drive a jeep, can catch balls or open a refrigerator door. Her sister Hera walks trustingly like a dog. "Max, who weighs 420 kilos, sells his beauty and Robert likes to flirt" Kraml describes his protégés. Kraml’s bears were stars before. Among other things, his clumsy favorites appeared in Roman Polanski "Macbeth" (1971), played alongside Jean-Paul Belmondo in "The ace of aces" (1982) and in Jean-Jacques Annoud’s masterpiece "The bear" (1988). The bears are currently still housed in cages. That’s why Kraml takes them to an outdoor enclosure every day. There are also exercise and training sessions in a corrugated iron hall next to the animal trainer’s house. "The suggestions are very important" explains the 62-year-old. He doesn’t force the animals to do anything, emphasizes Kraml. "I encourage their play instinct."

Bears remain dangerous wildlife

"Bears are very docile. They do anything for feed" says Lydia Kolter, bear expert at the European Zoo Association. However, the doctor of zoology no longer considers it appropriate to teach bears tricks and let them get so close to people. "They are animals that can be very dangerous. Wild animals should therefore only be kept so that they can act as ambassadors and tell something about their wild counterparts" says Kolter, who works at Cologne Zoo.

Bringing children and young people closer to nature

From Kraml’s point of view, the bears get more ideas from him than in the zoo. In addition to the bears, people are also important to the animal trainer. He attaches great importance to the nature conservation education of children and young people. In the coming year, if possible, the animal trainer wants to open a nature park on a ten-hectare forest and meadow area. "Every child knows their way around the computer, hardly in the great outdoors" he regrets. More on the topic: animal rights activists "Appalling conditions" in European zoosBeauty of Nature Wildlife Photographs 2008Animal station at the airport When animals travelWhy do lions roar? Test your knowledge of animals

The exotics are very swarming animals. They mostly live in large groups and are extremely social. Keeping them alone is cruelty to animals. Singing or speaking with the birds also leads to them being misprinted on humans. At the latest when a parrot imitates human sounds, there can be no more talk of species-appropriate keeping. The same applies to giving kisses with the master: With this the animal compensates for its natural behavior, but not with its species. Better: keep at least two, better still several parrots together.

The turkish dove is an immigrant from the Orient. Today, due to her low loyalty to the place of birth, she no longer only lives in Turkey, where she is highly regarded, but also in Germany. Their reputation is just as extraordinary as their social behavior.

Popular native bird species
Photo series with 17 pictures

Special features of the turkish dove

The turkish dove is a particularly beautiful species of pigeon. It has evenly light beige plumage, which is only interrupted by a pretty, black band with a white wreath on the neck. Their diet includes all kinds of vegetarian foods, such as cereals, seeds, berries and fruits.

Because it can also find this food in parks, gardens and cemeteries, the bird can also be observed in cities. If you want to hang a bird feeder in your garden, you should offer sunflower seeds and wheat grains as delicacies.

Turkish pigeons are very social animals. They like to snuggle up to their partner and scratch his feathers. Outside the breeding season, they share their sleeping places with hundreds of other species.

Call reminds of the cuckoo

The call of the turkish pigeon, which can be heard early in the morning, cannot be clearly assigned. The deep "Gu-guu-gu" with emphasis on the second syllable can easily be confused with the coo of a cuckoo or the singing of the wood pigeon. Compared to the other pigeon species, the sounds of the turkish dove are significantly shorter.

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In flight, the call sounds more like you "Chääh" at. Then you can also admire the striking white outer tail feathers. During courtship flight, the male climbs steeply with flapping wings, only to be able to sail down with widely spread wings.

A small finch with a characteristic color often sits on your garden fence? Then it is possibly a goldfinch major, also called goldfinch because of its typical reputation. Here you can find out how to recognize the bird and its subspecies.

Popular native bird species
Photo series with 17 pictures

Goldfinch: name and appearance

The goldfinch is as small as a sparrow, but all the bigger in appearance and voice. Particularly characteristic: its red-white-black head. The back, stomach and feathers, on the other hand, are a bit more subtle – namely brown, white and black with a yellow band. You can also easily recognize the goldfinch by its long beak – a useful tool that helps it get the seeds of thistles and burdock. It is not for nothing that the goldfinch is also called goldfinch. The name goldfinch is derived from the typical "didelit"- and "stiglit"-Retrieve the bird, according to the Naturschutzbund Deutschland (NABU).

Goldfinch Major: One of many subspecies

There are more than ten subspecies of the goldfinch – one of them is the goldfinch major. The small bird, only about twelve centimeters long and 16 grams heavy, is widespread in almost all of Europe, but it particularly likes to stay in the Mediterranean area.